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Semen Analysis & Sperm Count Calculator

The spermiogram permits to analize the sperm cells on their fertile capability, on finding disease or deviation in the sexual domain. This semen analysis is necessary for the best outcomes under planned pregnancy. It also prevents any kind of pathologies of the future fetus.

Sperm Count Calculator

Semen Analysis

How to get the sperm tested?

To do a spermiogram (semen analysis - sperm count calculator), a sperm sample of sufficient volume should be obtained by masturbation. It must be collected in a sterile container in a private room of the test laboratory or center.  The sample must be obtained after 3-5 days of sexual abstinence.

It is forbidden:

  • to use any kind of oiling fluids or lubricants,
  • to use coitus interrompus (a suspended intercourse),
  • to use oral sexe,
  • to use a condom.

The WHO’s criteria

The UN World Health Organanization (WHO) brought new changes to WHO spermiogram’s criteria in 2010.

The latest ones are that:

  • the minimum semen volume should be equal to 1,5 ml,
  • the total spermatozoa quantity should be equal to or above 39 millions,
  • the spermatozoa concentration should be no less than 15 millions per 1 ml,
  • the sperms motility (mobility) should be no less than 25% for A-group, no less than 32% for A+B-group, no less than 40% for A+B+C-group, and besides, only A+B-group is taken into account for the fertilization,
  • the vitality should be equal to or above 58%,
  • the evaluating shape of the sperm (morphology) should be no less than 4% by Kruger’s ‘strict criteria’ (at risk or poor-&-failed fertilization) and no less than 30% according to WHO 1999 & 2010 criteria.

For more precise data, see the table below.

Semen Analysis

Semen Analysis

To get the spermiogram decoded, you should go to see a men’s health specialist, who would tell the diagnosis in details.

  • Normospermia – best outcome without deviations. 
  • Normozoospermia – better outcome with slight deviation that don’t disturb the fertilization.

The basic pathologies’ nomenclature related to semen quality:

  • Agglutination – gluing of the sperms can indicate inflammation.
  • Aggregation – gluing of the male gametes with another cells.
  • Azoospermia - no spermatozoa in the ejaculate.
  • Akinozoospermia – total immobility of the sperms.
  • Asthenozoospermia – low motility of spermatozoa. viscosity – high sperm viscosity can indicate inflammation.
  • High and low pH can indicate inflammation. 
  • Haemospermia (haematospermia) - presence of blood (erythrocytes) in the ejaculate, indicates mostly a trauma or inflammation.
  • Hyperspermia (polyspermia) – high volume of sperm.
  • Leukospermia (pyospermia) - presence of leukocytes in the ejaculate indicates inflammation, urgent to see a doctor.
  • Necrozoospermia – absence of live spermatozoa in the ejaculate. Partial necrozoospermia – less than 20% of live (motile) spermatozoa in the ejaculate.
  • Normospermia – best outcome without deviations.  
  • Normozoospermia – better outcome with slight deviation that don’t disturb the fertilization.
  • Oligozoospermia – lower number or concentration of spermatozoa per 1 ml.
  • Oligospermia – lower volume of sperm, can indicate a sexual disease, p.e. varicocele.

The test can include MAR-test, which shows the anti-bodies, that the organisme produces against the spermatozoa above the norma. Thus can cause infertility on the immune level.

In case of any pathology, you should go to see a men’s health specialist (andrologue), if there isn’t any, a urologue would also do. The doctor will tell you exactly the meaning of the spermiogram and will prescribe the treatment.

Good health!

See also

See also:

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